History of Florida

History of Florida

Florida is the southeasternmost United States situated between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean. Florida ranks 2nd as compared to all the cities of the United States for financial stability. The nickname of Florida is the Sunshine State and it is also known for its balmy climate natural beauty.  The most important place of Florida is Miami and Miami is known for its notable arts scene and Latin American cultural influences, as well as its nightlife, especially on south beach.

The residential American people are believed to have inhabited Florida for many thousands of years ago the arrival of Europeans. These include the Ais, Apalachee, Calusa, Timucua and Tobago tribes.

The first recorded European tour was by the Spaniard, Juan Ponce de Leon who named Florida in honor of “festival of flowers” – Easter when he discovered the land on 2nd April 1513. During the next 250 years, Spanish, French and later English settlements were established in Florida and conflicts often occurred, especially between English and Spanish.

Britain eventually gained control of all of Florida in 1763 as a result of Peace Paris. However, after Britain’s defeat in the American Revolution, Spain regained the territory in the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Finally, Spain surrenders Florida to the United States in 1819 in exchange for American renunciation of any claim over Texas. Florida was eventually accepted as the 27th state of the Union on 3 March 1845.

Florida was a slave state. During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), Florida was a founding member of the Confederate States of America and fought with the South.

Until the 20th century, Florida was the least crowded of the southern states, however, following the short addition or introduction of air conditioning, and improved transportation links, there has been considerable migration from other states, particularly the Northeast. 

Today Florida is the 2nd most populous southern state (after Texas), and overall the 4th most populous in the United States. The state is a popular vacation destination and is also home to the Kennedy Space Center, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration space launch facility that has been used for the Gemini, Mercury, Apollo, and Space Shuttle programs.